The query of the employment of seniors got here again to the fore with the announcement of the federal government’s pension reform undertaking, offering for the postponement of the authorized retirement age to 64 years. Whereas the employment price for 55-64 yr olds in France is beneath the European common, one of many factors of rigidity among the many social companions focuses particularly on the institution of a “senior index” in corporations. . This technique ought to ultimately make it potential to encourage extra older workers to be employed.
Whereas the Mouvement des entreprises de France (Medef) is against it head-on, the commerce unions take into account that it’s not ample because it stands. The “senior index” due to this fact guarantees to be on the coronary heart of the parliamentary debate which is because of start on 6 February. Here’s what we learn about this gadget, because it was unveiled by the federal government and is detailed within the invoice which have to be introduced Monday, January 23 within the Council of Ministers.
• A publication of indicators on the employment of seniors
Constructed on the picture of the “skilled equality” index put in place since 2019, this “senior index” goals to oblige corporations using at the very least 300 individuals to publish monitoring indicators regarding the employment of senior workers annually. within the enterprise in addition to the actions carried out to advertise this employment.
Finally, the software ought to make it potential to offer the federal government and firms with studying keys to enhance the employment of seniors in France and monitor their progress.
The checklist of indicators, which can be outlined by decree “after session” of the federal government with the social companions, can then be “tailored” in line with the skilled branches, to take note of the specificities of the sphere. “We can’t ask the identical effort for the work of seniors from a department with quite a lot of start-ups or one with extra conventional actions”argued Olivier Dussopt, the Minister of Labor, Thursday, January 19 on LCI.
• A monetary penalty within the occasion of a breach
If the invoice is adopted because it stands and earlier than this summer season, as the federal government needs, the publication of this “senior index” can be obligatory from 1er November 2023, for corporations with greater than 1,000 workers, and from 1er July 2024 for these with greater than 300 workers.
Employers who don’t adjust to this obligation can be topic to a monetary penalty: they must pay ae “contribution based mostly on a proportion of payroll”as much as a restrict of 1%, the proceeds of which can be donated to the Nationwide Pension Fund (CNAV).
Ultimately, corporations the place the employment of seniors isn’t progressing can be topic to “strengthened obligation to barter a social settlement” so as to enhance the employment scenario of seniors inside them.
• The Medef opposed “to the precept” of this index
The measure introduced by the federal government is way from unanimous among the many social companions.
First there may be the Medef, employers’ union, which however helps the necessities of the pension reform, which by no means ceases to repeat its opposition “on the precept of this index”. “We concern that the software proposed by the federal government can be toughened in the course of the debates in Parliament and can impose heavy constraints on corporations”, together with heavier ones “monetary penalties”knowledgeable the World its president, Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux.
The latter additionally sees the chance of not considering the realities on the bottom, giving in current days a number of instances the instance of“an organization that hires quite a lot of apprentices and due to this fact mathematically sees its proportion of seniors cut back”and who could be “categorized as dangerous” with regard to such an index.
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The worker commerce unions, all against the pension reform, imagine for his or her half that this software, with out being adopted by heavy monetary penalties for corporations, won’t be adopted by actual results to enhance the employment of seniors.
In line with Philippe Martinez, secretary normal of the Basic Confederation of Labor (CGT), “It isn’t an index that may scare employers, who yearly lay off a whole bunch, hundreds of workers who’re over 57 or 58 years outdated”.
“There would be the statement [posé grâce au dispositif] and what’s going to we do? We’re going to act (…) in corporations to inform the bosses: the employment price for seniors isn’t good, it have to be elevated. However there aren’t any penalties.for his half deplored the secretary normal of the French Democratic Confederation of Labor (CFDT), Laurent Berger, whose union defended this index in precept.
“It is a small smokescreen”whereas corporations are “honed for twenty years to make cartloads of layoffs (…) from 58 years outdated »added François Hommeril, head of the French Confederation of Administration – Basic Confederation of Executives (CFE-CGC), the executives’ union.
• The federal government says it is able to see the system evolve
Confronted with these criticisms, additionally from the political opposition, the federal government isn’t closing the door to the concept of seeing the system evolve within the coming weeks. This, in line with the session with the unions and the parliamentary debates on the pension reform, which should start on February 6 within the Nationwide Meeting.
Aurore Bergé, the president of the Renaissance group, affirmed on this sense “haven’t any taboos” in case of ” dangerous outcomes “ corporations on the employment of seniors, Tuesday January 17 on France 24-RFI. “If we’ve to go additional on the constraints on corporations, [avec la mise en place d’un système] bonus-malus, all that’s open to dialogue. As parliamentarians, we are going to take our tasks.she abounded.
The Minister of Labor, Olivier Dussopt, supported this argument, Thursday, January 19, on LCIarguing that the potential evolution of this index “is a topic that can be raised within the parliamentary debate” these subsequent few weeks. “I do know that some parliamentarians will wish to go additional [dans les sanctions]we are going to talk about it with them”he added.