We can’t deny it. Uber has kicked into the anthill of people-carrying providers, making taxis outdated with its service availability and decrease costs. But when Californian society has served as a spur to conventional firms, it’s generally in defiance of social guidelines. There have been many standoffs between taxi and VTC (Vacationer Car with Driver) drivers, and recurring regulatory changes.
Developments bordering on legality
The story of Uber in France is a thwarted love story. In 2011, Paris was the primary metropolis, outdoors america, the place the platform developed. What might be extra regular, because it was within the capital in 2008, on the exit of the LeWeb present, that the founders Garrett Camp, Travis Kalanick and Oscar Salazar had the concept of creating the start-up. Struggling to discover a taxi, they discover that the issues of private transport are an identical in Paris and San Francisco.
Uber has all the time flirted with legality. The event of the start-up was a recreation of cat and mouse between the legislator and the platform, all the time fast to invent new providers. We keep in mind, for instance, the ban on Uber Pop in 2017, validated by the European Fee, when the platform was additionally topic to approval and licensing. Satirically, Uber launched its taxi reserving platform in October 2022, proof of its fierce need to neglect no nook of the market.
Minimal value for Uber rides, it “won’t change something”
On Wednesday January 18, Uber let go of some ballast within the face of the rumble of its drivers. A number of unions of VTC drivers and platforms have agreed to impose a minimal earnings of seven.65 euros per journey, however the settlement signed on Wednesday is much from unanimous among the many commerce unions within the sector the place social dialogue stays nonetheless stammering. The settlement, which supplies for the implementation of a minimal earnings per journey from February 1, would elevate the value of the smallest journey to round 10.20 euros for the passenger on an utility like Uber, together with the charges. Three out of seven unions refused to signal the settlement as a result of they had been too unambitious.
The signatories are the VTC Affiliation of France (AVF), which alone weighs 42.8% of the vote, the Nationwide Federation of Autoentrepreneurs and Microentrepreneurs (FNAE), the CFTC and Unsa. This settlement “unprecedented in France” will permit “a rise of greater than 27% in comparison with the bottom present internet minimal earnings”, welcomed these organizations in a joint press launch. However for Union (affiliated to the CFDT), the Affiliation of Unbiased Drivers of Lyon (Acil) and FO – 32.1% between them -, this settlement is inadequate. The brand new minimal price “won’t change something within the each day exercise” of drivers, denounced Union in a press launch. “Most” VTC (Touring Automobiles with Driver) “don’t settle for small races deemed unprofitable within the face of rising gasoline costs and visitors situations,” explains the union.
At Uber, the place the minimal earnings per race is at the moment 6 euros, we welcome the settlement even when “many of those races had been declined as a result of they weren’t worthwhile sufficient”, agrees with AFP Laureline Seyries, common supervisor of Uber France . The Union union requires the opening of discussions on the institution of a minimal earnings per hour or per kilometer to be able to “assure an actual profitability of the sector”, by remunerating, for instance, strategy occasions.
Uber ordered to pay 17 million euros to Lyon drivers
In Lyon, Uber drivers have simply received their first victory. The Lyonnais Uber drivers had seized the commercial tribunal to requalify the connection which certain them into an employment contract. The platform was ordered to pay some 17 million euros to 139 VTC drivers, their lawyer, Me Stéphane Teyssier, informed AFP on Friday. “We had a reasonably historic resolution at the moment. Uber was ordered to requalify the contracts of 139 drivers for an quantity of 17 to twenty million euros,” he stated, confirming info from the regional each day Le Progress.
The prud’hommes, who rendered their resolution beneath advisement, dominated “on the premise of well-established case regulation from the Courtroom of Cassation of January 2020. The Courtroom of Cassation thought of that Uber drivers ought to be thought of as workers This isn’t a shock. It’s the logical utility of such case regulation,” stated the lawyer. Contacted by AFP, Uber, with out disclosing the quantity of the sum it should pay, introduced that it was going to attraction.
The query of exclusivity in suspense
“This resolution goes in opposition to the place extensively shared by industrial tribunals and courts of attraction which affirm the independence of VTC drivers utilizing the applying, judging specifically that there is no such thing as a work obligation, nor exclusivity vis-à-vis Uber or that the drivers stay utterly free within the group of their exercise”, commented a spokesperson, contacted by AFP.
Normally, Uber, which has 32,000 drivers utilizing its platform, says it’s open to dialogue however “the administration of the variety of hours spent on the platform raises questions” as a result of drivers can use a number of purposes on the identical time, insists Laureline Seychelles. Since final Might, the model new Employment Platforms Regulatory Authority (Arpe) is meant to arrange social dialogue within the sector of VTC drivers and meal supply, that are very poor by way of social rights. Greater than ten years after the arrival of Uber in France, the social standing of drivers remains to be altering and unsure.