Many states are concerned in Syria. Whereas Russia tries to maintain the Damascus regime in energy, Turkey is working to strengthen Islamist organizations such because the Muslim Brotherhood and Al Nusra within the areas it occupies in northern Syria. To this point, Turkey has sought to weaken the administration in Damascus and produce these forces to energy with the intention of taking management of Syria.
Iran, alternatively, follows a barely totally different coverage from that of Russia. Its primary goal is to take care of the ability of the regime in energy in Damascus and to get rid of teams just like the Muslim Brotherhood. In doing so, the Islamic Republic is making an attempt to thwart the Turkish challenge of a Sunni entrance dominated by Ankara within the Center East. Removed from eager to democratize Syria, Iran promotes spiritual group inside society.
Concerning the US and European nations, they are saying they need to restrict their presence to the struggle in opposition to the Islamic State and describe their partnership with the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) as tactical, navy and momentary. Turkey notably accuses the US of supporting the Individuals’s Safety Forces (YPG) and the Kurdistan Staff’ Get together (PKK). For that reason, the US doesn’t assist the autonomous administration and continues to cooperate with Turkey, even when the latter threatens the Kurds with blockade and genocide. Thus, the democratic line promoted by the Kurds doesn’t curiosity the Western powers.
Syria is at the moment divided into three components. The primary is ruled by the Damascus regime. The second, many territories of which have been liberated from the grip of the Islamic State (IS) by the YPG and the SDF, is managed by the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (AANES). Lastly, a number of components of northern Syria, together with the Idlib area, are beneath Turkish occupation.
Among the many opposing forces, the AANES is the one one to develop a democratic system. That is characterised by self-management, equal remedy of the ethnic, spiritual and cultural elements of society and the promotion of the function of girls in public life. In brief, it’s an unprecedented mannequin within the historical past of a Center East torn aside by conflicts and wars between nation-states.
The areas managed by the AANES are nevertheless threatened by the varied powers current on Syrian territory. Thus, by stopping the opening of the Til Koçer (Yarubiyah) border submit, Russia is reinforcing and sustaining the embargo on northern and japanese Syria, understanding that humanitarian assist can then solely be delivered by a border submit close to Idlib which relies on Turkey. In doing so, Moscow’s goal is to weaken the autonomous areas in order that they’re compelled into the fold of the regime.
On the political degree, the AANES is excluded from all negotiations and the seek for an answer on the worldwide degree. Russia is appearing in accordance with Turkish energy. The identical goes for the US. Thus, the representatives of the autonomous administration weren’t included within the constitutional committee of Geneva, whereas teams of mercenaries sponsored by the Turkish state had been invited to the negotiations as representatives of the opposition.
Within the areas managed by the administration of Damascus, the inhabitants are going through a serious financial disaster. The Syrian foreign money is consistently dropping its worth in opposition to the US greenback, resulting in rising impoverishment of the inhabitants. Politically, the Assad regime doesn’t suggest any reform that would restore hope to the inhabitants. That is confronted with an authoritarian regime that doesn’t assist any criticism and refuses to listen to the slightest declare.
The state of affairs is even worse within the areas occupied by Turkey. The teams of mercenaries put in by Ankara in these territories sow terror by way of looting, kidnappings, rapes, torture and executions, all struggle crimes to which the worldwide neighborhood turns a blind eye. Turkey is thus engaged in an operation of ethnic cleaning in opposition to the Kurds of the area. In Idlib, the felony practices of teams like Al Nusra don’t have anything to envy to the phobia exercised by the jihadists of the IS. In brief, it’s the regulation of tyranny and violence that reigns in these areas beneath Turkish occupation.