Ecologists and biologists agree: decisive motion is required to forestall the disappearance of the Gaspésie mountain caribou, whose inhabitants in 2022 is estimated at 34 people.
For the professor of animal ecology, Martin-Hugues St-Laurent, the creation of latest protected areas within the vary of the caribou is important.
It’s a query of creating an enormous donut across the Gaspésie park wherein we’ll restrict the rejuvenation of the forest, enhance the proportion of outdated forests, take away a part of the precedence entry roads that are the tens of hundreds of kilometers squares of logging roads which might be highways to predatorsexplains Professor St-Laurent.
It is usually crucial to revive the habitat of the mountain caribou round these protected areas in an effort to create a buffer zone, asks the biologist.
Evaluation the exploitation of pure assets
The spokesperson for Environnement Vert Plus, Pascal Bergeron, agrees: based on him, it’s completely crucial to vary land improvement methods in order that the rehabilitation of caribou habitat turns into the precedence.
” The disappearance of caribou virtually in every single place is a symptom of the extreme privileges which were granted to the mining and forestry industries. These privileges must be reviewed. »
One of many phases of this
evaluation of privileges consists of expropriating mining firms which have claims round Gaspésie Park, based on Pascal Bergeron.
He additionally reminds us that the caribou is a form of umbrella for the survival of different animals.
If we lose it, meaning we lose numerous different species that we do not see. Its habitat is critical for different endemic species, which took a whole lot of hundreds of years to get to the place they’re in the present day.he says.
” There is not a job or a greenback definitely worth the sacrifice of a whole lot of hundreds of years of evolution. »
Making certain the socio-economic well being of the area
For his half, the prefect of the MRCof the Haute-Gaspésie, Man Bernatchez, fears placing the caribou vary and its environment underneath a bell jar, as a result of it will hurt the socioeconomic improvement of the area.
The prefect additionally recollects that the caribou vary goes from Cap-Chat to L’Anse-Pleureuse, and he fears a complete ban on reducing in such a big sector.
: “M.Bernatchez, voudriez-vous être l’élu qui est témoin de la disparition du caribou?” Bien sûr que non! Mais je ne veux pas être l’élu témoin de la fermeture d’usine ou d’entreprises récréotouristiques dans notre région”,”textual content”:”Des écologistes m’ont déjà approché dans les derniers mois en me demandant: “M.Bernatchez, voudriez-vous être l’élu qui est témoin de la disparition du caribou?” Bien sûr que non! Mais je ne veux pas être l’élu témoin de la fermeture d’usine ou d’entreprises récréotouristiques dans notre région”}}”>Ecologists have already approached me in the previous couple of months asking me: “Mr. Bernatchez, would you prefer to be the elected official who witnesses the disappearance of the caribou?” After all not! However I do not wish to be the elected witness to the closure of factories or leisure tourism companies in our area.he says.
To stop caribou safety efforts from harming the forest business an excessive amount of, one answer, believes Man Bernatchez, could be to accentuate forest administration east of the caribou’s vary to make up for the lack of forest risk.
If we lose annual volumes in relation to the safety areas that shall be put in place for caribou, we should not lose quantity for the provision of our factories on the territory. We must keep the identical allowable lower over time in order that our mills proceed to function effectively year-round.he explains.
” We wish a cheerful marriage between ecology and economic system. »
Enhance the delivery fee
Rising the productiveness of feminine caribou can be a precedence that should be mirrored within the authorities technique. The enclosure is a primary step, says Martin-Hugues St-Laurent, a measure that the federal government should additionally put in place this spring.
Quebec should additionally think about organising a type of captive breeding to reintroduce caribou, enhance the scale of the herd and diversify the genetics of this inhabitants.
This measure can be a advice included within the report of the Impartial Fee on Woodland and Mountain Caribou.
The spokesperson for Environnement Vert Plus, Pascal Bergeron, even proposes to arrange this breeding on the Bioparc de la Gaspésie.
The prefect of the MRCde La Haute-Gaspésie additionally says that it’s in good settlement with measures such because the enclosure of caribou or the management of predators.
Measures already recognized to decision-makers
Professor Martin-Hugues St-Laurent doesn’t conceal his disappointment relating to what he describes because the inaction of the earlier Minister of Wildlife, Pierre Dufour.
His successor should do higher, based on him.
: “Ça nous prend une nouvelle étude, ça nous prend une revue de littérature, ça nous prend une fee indépendante, ça nous prend une tournée régionale”. Bref, ça nous prend ci, ça nous prend ça… Mais pendant ce temps, on perdait du temps et donc de la marge de manœuvre”,”textual content”:”Ça a été beaucoup: “Ça nous prend une nouvelle étude, ça nous prend une revue de littérature, ça nous prend une fee indépendante, ça nous prend une tournée régionale”. Bref, ça nous prend ci, ça nous prend ça… Mais pendant ce temps, on perdait du temps et donc de la marge de manœuvre”}}”>It was loads: “It takes us a brand new research, it takes us a literature evaluation, it takes us an unbiased fee, it takes us a regional tour.” In brief, it takes us right here, it takes us that… However throughout this time, we had been dropping time and due to this fact leewayhe laments.
Based on Martin-Hugues St-Laurent, all of the protecting measures he places ahead have been well-known to public decision-makers for a few years. A report written by Canadian caribou consultants was submitted to federal and provincial governments in 2016.
The report already listed all these measuressays Professor St-Laurent.
Throughout that point, sadly, we continued to rejuvenate the forest and that led us to the place we’re in the present day..
Quebec promised to unveil such a method by the tip of 2021, however finally postponed it to the tip of June 2023.