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Sport in america – Main-Prepa

Watching the replay of the 4 × 50m combined freestyle relay from the world swimming championships in Melbourne, I assumed to myself that that they had finished a hell of a job as champions. By successful the gold medal, Maxime Grousset, Florent Manaudou, Béryl Gastaldello and Mélanie Henique, have above all marked the historical past of sport. With a time of 1’27″33, they broke the world report beforehand held by the People for the reason that 2018 worlds in China, in Hangzhou.

It jogged my memory of Michael Phelps, The Baltimore Bullet. He nonetheless exploded all of the Olympics he participated in, successful 28 medals (together with 23 gold medals anyway). However, it additionally made me consider Jackie Joyner-Kersee (mixed occasions and lengthy leap), Serena Williams (tennis), Simone Biles (gymnastics), Michael Jordan (basketball), Jackie Robinson (baseball) …

I overlook rather a lot, however at that second, I stated to myself that sport in america had a vital place in everybody’s life. It’s fairly fascinating to see how thehe sport has finally modified the lives of People, from their first moments of life till the tip.

The preferred sports activities in america

In america, People are primarily followers of 4 sports activities.

the American soccer (NFL)the hockey (NHL)the baseball (MLB) and the basketball (NBA). These are the sports activities that deliver collectively essentially the most members and spectators and essentially the most publicized within the nation (additionally overseas).

American Soccer

This sport is just not practiced an excessive amount of overseas, even when many golf equipment are presently being created. Nonetheless, it brings collectively thousands and thousands of spectators every year in stadiums or on tv.

It’s the sport most standard and in any respect ranges: from household afternoons, to membership sports activities, college sports activities and at last the skilled league.

32 franchises within the NFL

A franchise is the equal of the golf equipment we all know. The distinction is {that a} sports activities workforce is admitted to knowledgeable league in america by buying a franchise.

There are two conferences, the NFC and the AFC, that are once more divided into 4: East, West, North and South. As a result of they’re the People, the distribution has completely nothing to do with the geographical distribution!

These 32 franchises are made up of 53 gamers (45 are listed on a sport sheet). Seven groups per convention are certified to proceed the season in playoffs. In the course of the match phases, the competitors is fierce as a result of the winner of every convention will qualify for the Tremendous Bowl.

The Tremendous Bowl

That is THE sporting occasion of the 12 months. After 5 months of competitors, the 2 groups meet to win the Vince-Lombardi trophy and the well-known ring of champions. The Tremendous Bowl is an actual spectacle watched by almost 100 million People.

It’s an occasion that brings individuals collectively. That’s the reason 30 seconds of promoting on tv would price almost six million euros. It’s subsequently additionally a contest for manufacturers which, yearly, must struggle to get a couple of seconds on tv. It is usually a small competitors for singers. Certainly, the half-time present is a real custom appreciated by all.

Hockey

Hockey is not simply standard within the Northeast and Midwest states. There are numerous NHL groups within the Solar Belt area.

25 American and seven Canadian groups struggle yearly for the Stanley Cup. Right here once more, the groups are divided into two conferences: that of the east and that of the west. There are two extra divisions: Atlantic/Metropolitan and Pacific/Central. 82 matches are performed and the eight greatest groups are then certified for the playoffs. There are turns of playoffs and every prime workforce from every convention meets the opposite to search out out who will win the well-known cup.

Hockey teams

Baseball

It is also a sport very fashionable in america, specifically because of the numerous matches performed which punctuate the 12 months and the nation. It’s the league with essentially the most ticket gross sales.

There are 29 groups in america and one workforce in Canada, divided into two leagues: AL and NL. There are three divisions (East, Heart and West), that are made up of 5 groups. On the finish of the common season video games, 10 groups are certified for the playoffs, the place matches might be performed over 4 rounds. It is the identical precept as for the opposite leagues: the winner of 1 division meets the opposite and the winner of the final match wins the well-known World Collection cup.

Baseball teams

Basketball

I am unsure that the NBA is to be introduced as it’s recognized around the globe. It is the very best basketball league on the earth.

29 American groups and 1 Canadian compete all year long for the Larry O’Brien Trophy. There are two conferences, East and West, which have three divisions (Central, Easyou, West). Eight groups from every convention compete throughout the playoffs. The most effective workforce in every convention goes to the ultimate, the place the final video games are performed to see who will win the well-known trophy. The Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers have received the trophy essentially the most occasions.

Basketball is a very fashionable sport in america and the NBA even has its personal TV channel.

NBA Teams

The college circuit

It appears fairly loopy in France that college sport occupies such an necessary place. But it’s throughout their faculty years that the very best gamers in each sport are drafted to proceed the journey on the professional circuit.

the draft is a vital occasion in American sports activities. That is when the professional groups choose the gamers they wish to play alongside them for the following season. These gamers come from the school circuit, the highschool circuit or the minor leagues that exist for every sport.

It’s subsequently necessary for every athlete wishing to enter the professional circuit to proceed to excel within the college circuit. This additionally presents an financial profit. Certainly, every athlete receives a scholarship which permits him to focus on his research and his sport..

The NCAA (Nationwide Collegiate Athletic Affiliation) offers with all varsity sports activities which can be in competitors. Specifically the broadcasting of competitions on tv.

The impacts on the financial system

Sport generates nearly 700 billion income. This contains the group of sporting occasions, sports activities gear, clothes for athletes and supporters, golf equipment and sports activities halls and all of the infrastructure current in sports activities centres.

We noticed it with the Tremendous Bowl specifically, however sport in america is an actual enterprise. Skilled, semi-professional and even beginner matches are broadcast on tv. These are subsequently occasions that unite and create social cohesion.. And subsequently oblique purchases too (scorching canine in entrance of the finals with pals and merch to put on the colours of your favourite membership).

We particularly noticed it throughout the 2020 pandemic. In a single week of suspension of matches, it’s nearly six billion {dollars} which were misplaced for US sport. The financial system has been turned the other way up for sports activities gamers, athletes and golf equipment. This was notably the case for the NBA, which misplaced nearly a billion {dollars} alone.

The Olympic Video games play a vital position within the financial system of the nation. Since 1896 for the Summer season Video games and 1924 for the Winter Video games, the nation has participated in all editions. Besides that of 1980 for apparent political causes (the Olympic Video games had been held in Moscow).

In complete, 1,166 gold medals, 948 silver and 827 bronze medals had been received by American athletes. Michael Phelps is essentially the most embellished Olympic athlete with 28 medals, together with 23 gold. The US hosted 9 occasions the Olympics:

  • 1996, Atlanta (summer time);
  • 1932, 1984, 2028, Los Angeles (summer time);
  • 1904, St. Louis (summer time);
  • 1932, 1980, Lake Placid (winter);
  • 2002, Salt Lake Metropolis (winter);
  • 1960, Squaw Valley (winter).

Sport, a social and political instrument

Sport is an actual social device because of the values ​​it disseminates. All of it begins within the gardens, the parks to proceed in golf equipment, on the college and within the skilled league.

Sport makes it attainable to federate a rustic nationally, federate gamers and followers. The latter watching stay sports activities competitions in stadiums full of people that share their ardour. But in addition at residence because of tv broadcasts. Sports activities permit you to to assemble individuals from completely different social courses. Everybody appears to overlook the hassles of on a regular basis life and scream on the prime of their lungs to encourage their favourite workforce.

This additionally permits to contain younger individuals of their neighborhood whereas making them play sports activities.

However sport is just not all rosy on a regular basis. Skilled athletes have largely taken benefit of their notoriety to categorical their opinions on slightly tough topics.

Lastly, many athletes have taken benefit of their media protection to speak about annoying topics.

Here’s a small checklist of US sports activities occasions which were talked about

  • 2020, NBA: after the homicide of george floydmany messages have been broadcast for Black Lives Matter.
  • 2020, NBA: many NBA groups have refused to play their video games playoffs following the dying of Jacob Blake after his arrest by police in Wisconsin.
  • 1968, NBA: Lew Alcindor turns into Kareem Abdul Jabbar and refuses to take part within the Olympics to denounce the best way African People are handled in america.
  • 1968, OJ: Tommie Smith and John Carlos (first and second within the 200m dash) put on a black glove and lift their hand throughout the nationwide anthem to denounce the rights of African People.
  • 1973, tennis: Billie Jean King struggle for gender equality in tennis, notably beating Bobby Riggs.
  • 2019, soccer: Megan Rapinoe and Alex Morgan struggle for equal pay with their male colleagues.

The most effective moments in US sports activities

Earlier than ending this text, I needed to return again to a couple moments in US sport which have marked historical past.

  • Miracle on ice : in 1980, for the Olympic Video games in Lake Placid, the American workforce achieved the feat of beating the Soviet workforce, then undefeated for a number of years (5 gold medals out of six Olympic finals).
  • Jackie Robinson : April 15, 1947, Jackie Robinson is the primary African-American to enter Main League Baseball (MLB) with the Brooklyn Dodgers.
  • Girls’s World Cup : The American workforce received the 1999 World Cup, at a time when girls had been combating for extra consideration on the earth of sport.
  • Olympics 1992 basketball : the dream workforce US composed of the very best NBA gamers within the historical past of American basketball wins the gold medal after successful all its video games.
  • Olympics 2008 swimming : Michael Phelps brings again eight gold medals.

Sports activities in america have subsequently performed a vital position within the growth of the nation and its residents. It has enabled the dissemination of robust values, equivalent to workforce spirit, mutual help, solidarity and even honest play. Sport has additionally contributed to financial growth and social inclusion in a rustic the place inequalities have at all times been on the coronary heart of society.

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