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New aircraft crash in Nepal: why are accidents so frequent on this Himalayan nation?

That is the worst accident in Nepal for 30 years: this Sunday, an plane carrying 72 individuals (68 passengers, together with a Frenchman, and 4 crew members) crashed on the backside of a 300-meter ravine, between the outdated airport of Pokhara inbuilt 1958 and the brand new worldwide terminal opened on January 1st. That is the deadliest air accident since 1992 on this Himalayan nation, the place we are able to solely see a excessive frequency of air accidents. Is flying over this nation extra dangerous than one other?

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Nepal, “one of many riskiest locations on this planet to fly”

“Nepal represents a difficult terrain and setting for an airline to function in,” mentioned Shukor Yusof of Malaysia-based aviation consultancy Endau Analytics. “It is vitally tough for any pilot to fly on this a part of the world. Some planes need to be specifically designed to land at such altitudes,” he advised AFP.

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The mountains, particularly in case of dangerous climate, complicate the duty of pilots. Nepal has eight of the 14 highest peaks on this planet, together with Mount Everest, making it a preferred vacation spot for vacationers and mountain climbers.

“There are very robust winds. The climate modifications rapidly, due to this fact I’d say it is most likely one of many riskiest locations on this planet to fly, simply due to the geography, the climate and all of the challenges,” mentioned Greg Waldron, Singapore-based Asia editor of FlightGlobal, an trade specialist.

Nepal has a number of the most distant and sophisticated trails on this planet, flanked by snow-capped peaks that problem even probably the most seasoned pilots to strategy.

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Nepalese carriers banned from EU airspace

Poor gear upkeep and lax enforcement of security guidelines weigh on the Nepalese air transport sector regardless of worldwide suggestions. The European Union has banned all Nepalese carriers from its airspace for safety causes.

In accordance with Shukor Yusof, Nepal has a “quite questionable monitor report” relating to aviation security. “Judging from this monitor report, it is clear there’s loads of room for them to enhance,” he added. . The knowledgeable describes the ATR (Airbus) aircraft which crashed on Sunday as “a really, very dependable workhorse that may function in tough situations and terrain”.

However Greg Waldon declared to AFP that by viewing a video displaying the final moments of the flight, the aircraft appeared to him to endure a “wing stall”, that’s to say that one of many wings didn’t immediately now not helps the gadget’s cost.

The management of the Nepalese authorities, not rigorous sufficient

Nepal scored poorly on accident investigation in an audit by the Worldwide Civil Aviation Group (ICAO) final yr. In accordance with Gerry Soejatman, an aviation guide primarily based in Jakarta, ICAO discovered that authorities in Nepal didn’t train satisfactory stringent management and “lack the capability to successfully implement” rules and requirements.

“It poorly adheres to ICAO tips for accident investigation, which is crucial to find out issues, present suggestions to eradicate them and stop future accidents,” he advised AFP.

Serial air disasters in Nepal

In 1992, a Pakistan Worldwide Airways plane crashed on the strategy to Kathmandu inflicting the loss of life of its 167 passengers, the deadliest air accident within the nation’s historical past.

The latest air catastrophe dates again to the crash of an plane of the Nepalese firm Tara Air final Might, of which not one of the 22 passengers, 16 Nepalese, 4 Indians and two Germans, survived. Air visitors management misplaced contact with the twin-engine Twin Otter shortly after taking off from Pokhara heading for Jomsom, a preferred vacation spot for climbers.

Since then, the authorities have tightened the rules, the planes being solely allowed to fly in favorable climate situations all through the journey. In March 2018, 51 individuals have been killed and 20 others have been significantly injured when an American Bangla Airways aircraft crashed close to Kathmandu Worldwide Airport.

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