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Fuel, electrical energy: the 5 figures that translate the brand new world of power

Posted Jan 19, 2023, 6:30 AMUp to date on Jan 19, 2023 at 7:47 am

The suspense is coming to an finish: France ought to be capable to keep away from energy cuts and fuel shortages this winter. However sobriety measures, the decline in industrial demand, the huge use of liquefied pure fuel have profoundly reworked the French power subject. As proven by the information revealed on Wednesday by the carriers of the electrical energy and fuel networks, RTE and GRTgaz. Listed below are the 5 most telling figures on the present power state of affairs in France.

8.5%

That is the drop in electrical energy consumption in France because the begin of winter, in comparison with the interval 2014-2019, based on RTE.

On fuel, the drop in consumption even reached 12.8% in climate-corrected information, based on GRTgaz information revealed on Wednesday, and even 24% amongst industrial clients linked to the transmission community. It’s troublesome to say whether or not this destruction of demand will solely be short-term or whether or not it displays an actual lack of exercise.

“It is too early to inform,” says Thierry Trouvou, CEO of GRTgaz. Methods assorted, some suspended manufacturing within the face of rising costs, others produced extra to have the ability to retailer after which stopped. »

45GW

In response to RTE, the supply of the French nuclear fleet is right this moment 45 GW. It is low for the season however 43 of the 56 French reactors at the moment are in service, whereas half of the fleet was shut down final summer time. An actual reduction for EDF, which has been struggling for months to resolve the issues of its atomic energy stations, and in addition for the European electrical energy community.

However attributable to upkeep operations deliberate for the approaching weeks, “the out there nuclear fleet will lower”, declared on France Data the chairman of the chief board of RTE, Xavier Piechaczyk. 9 reactors will thus be shut down whereas 4 others shall be put again into service.

80%

By no means had fuel shares been so excessive right now of yr. As of January 16, based on figures supplied by GRTgaz, they had been 80% full (and 81% in Europe), in comparison with a median of 55% over the previous six years. This represents 106 TWh, or simply underneath 1 / 4 of French annual consumption.

The gentle temperatures and the drop in consumption partly clarify this phenomenon, however not solely… The fuel suppliers have the truth is most well-liked to inject imports of liquefied pure fuel into the community fairly than dipping into shares, so as to have the ability to address the attainable laborious knocks.

GRTgaz specifies that this stage is prone to fall within the coming weeks, the suppliers having to hold out operations of “respiration” of the shares: to have the ability to fill them by subsequent winter, it should first be essential to empty a few of them. It takes some motion to keep away from shedding efficiency. These traits are particular to French storage, however regardless of the case, and barring an distinctive chilly spell within the coming weeks, the French service expects the extent of shares on the finish of winter to be greater. above the very best historic averages.

87.7TWh

That is the amount of liquefied pure fuel unloaded in French LNG terminals between November 1 and January 15, ie 41% greater than the earlier document. Throughout this era, LNG equipped 75% of French consumption. By no means seen.

For the reason that starting of the yr, given the extent of shares, imports have slowed down, however they need to resume from the summer time, in the course of the filling marketing campaign. These portions reached an out there peak movement of 1,391 GWh per day. The equal of 58 nuclear items…

2.3TWh

The portions stay restricted however France had by no means exported fuel to Germany. Final yr, France purchased 11.1 TWh of fuel from its neighbour. This yr, 2.3 TWh had been despatched throughout the Rhine, due to an settlement concluded between the Elysée and the German Chancellery. This supplied for a most capability of 100 GWh per day, which was reached over a number of days this winter.

For a three-week interval in December, exports had been halted attributable to a domino impact. The UK then had robust fuel wants from Norway. It was due to this fact much less distributed within the north of France and France needed to cease, for a time, its exports to Germany.

Using LNG has created an unprecedented state of affairs. As a consequence of its geographical location, France has change into the principle gateway to Europe. And so it changed into a fuel exporter, whereas the flows had been reversed, from west to east. Along with Germany, France additionally equipped Belgium and Switzerland. However, it imported 7 TWh from Spain, whereas it exported 7.5 TWh final yr to the Iberian Peninsula.

One other consequence of this upheaval: fuel costs in France had been decrease than these on the European market. In August, we famous a distinction of as much as 100 euros per MWh with the Rotterdam TTF. In current days, costs have converged however costs in France stay a couple of euros decrease.

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