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Exports of agricultural merchandise: when will rhymes with intelligence | Financial system

Hanoi (VNA) – Regardless of financial disruptions around the globe, 2022 has been an excellent yr for Vietnam’s agricultural sector. Certainly, with a turnover of 53.22 billion {dollars}, a rise of 9.3% in comparison with 2021, the nation achieved a report within the fields of agricultural, aquaculture and forestry exports. Agricultural merchandise alone accounted for $22.59 billion.

Formidable, Vietnam sees greater. To spice up the worth of its agricultural merchandise and thus develop into a extra essential hyperlink in world provide chains, our nation encourages farmers and corporations to innovate their practices and manufacturing chains. The place are we at present?

In 2022, Vietnamese agricultural merchandise can have been extra current in Europe, Japan and the US, that are thought of to be significantly demanding markets. It should be stated that every batch of exported merchandise accommodates part of intelligence, will and energy…

Ho Van Loi lives in Ben Tre province. He grows green-skinned pomelos that he takes nice care to make use of solely natural produce. He should stop bugs from compromising his harvest in any respect prices…

“I’ve all the time been advised that it’s essential to spray organic merchandise and particularly not chemical merchandise. Me, these suggestions, I comply with them to the letter…”, he stated.

Strict necessities, subsequently, confirmed by Nguyen Van Thai, deputy head of the Bên Tre cooperative…

“You need to comply with the method set for the export, retaining a logbook, daily. Fruits that don’t meet the requirements are eradicated, anyway…”, he underlined.

A couple of month earlier than the harvest, farmers and export firms should test the grapefruits. If they’re too candy or not candy sufficient, farmers should improve or scale back fertilizers to acquire merchandise that meet the requirements.

The irruption of green-skinned pomelos from Vietnam on the American market in November 2022 is the results of a means of greater than 5 years: 5 years throughout which manufacturing strategies have advanced to adjust to world market requirements…

It was the Chánh Thu firm that helped farmers in Bên Tre export their first green-skinned pomelos to the US. She was additionally the one who exported the primary batch of Vietnamese mangoes to the US in 2019 and the primary batch of Vietnamese lychees to Japan in 2020.

In its premises, within the early morning, some staff clear grapefruits earlier than placing them in bins for export to the US. Others stick stamps on the stem of durians that might be exported to China…

At midday, staff accountable for wholesale purchases go to the orchards or the cooperatives. Within the night, the fruits are collected on the firm’s premises. Preliminary processing continues till midnight.

In keeping with the rules in drive in the US, the farmers and the institutions accountable for the packaging of the merchandise should take measures to get rid of the dangerous objects and the fallen fruit. Earlier than packaging, green-skinned pomelos should be cleaned, irradiated after which coated with a layer of wax. They may then be exported with a phytosanitary certificates.

For Ngô Tường Vy, the deputy director of the Chánh Thu firm, the method is definitely demanding, however it’s price finishing…

“Every market has its personal necessities. Prior to now, the Chinese language market was regarded as undemanding, however at present its requirements are even larger than in Australia. Europe has its requirements, the US has theirs… For now, Chánh Thu is the one Vietnamese firm that may export to the US. However it took six years to get there!”, she stated.

The administration of the Chánh Thu firm is conscious of the significance of retailers, but additionally of the upkeep and growth of those markets.

“We wish to export increasingly more to the US and entry different demanding markets. If we are able to create an even bigger manufacturing space, with an even bigger yield, we are able to entry an even bigger taking part in subject: the hypermarkets of the US,” she identified.

The entry of Vietnamese agricultural merchandise into demanding markets by official channels displays an possibility that now not focuses on amount however on high quality, and subsequently on the event of nationwide labels.

“We’ve to be accountable for each product provided to prospects. A technique that’s near my coronary heart is to current high quality merchandise overseas…”, she stated.

In 2022, many Vietnamese agricultural merchandise had been formally exported to demanding markets: durians in China, longans in Japan, pomelos in the US, limes and pomelos in New Zealand…

On September 2, 2022, the primary baggage of Vietnamese rice from the Lôc Troi group appeared on the cabinets of Édouard Leclerc hypermarkets in France, which reveals that Vietnamese rice now meets European requirements… For a few years, drones have changed farmers in irrigating or spraying fertilizer on rice fields, which are sometimes consolidated into massive farms.

Because of using natural fertilizers, the rice fields are experiencing nice modifications: the return of spiders, ladybugs, dragonflies, bugs helpful to vegetation. The land can be extra fertile.

Farmers companion with firms to provide rice. The contract is signed initially of a harvest. In keeping with Huynh Văn Thon, Chairman of Lôc Troi Group, the dedication of farmers and companies to step into an even bigger taking part in subject makes them stronger and extra self-sufficient.

“If we introduce world requirements in agricultural manufacturing, from traceability by the manufacturing course of to code issuance, the labels of our rice and our agricultural merchandise as an entire might be extra prestigious. It additionally facilitates entry for traders,” he stated.

Excessive-tech agriculture is an inevitable pattern in Vietnam. In any case, that is what Trân Duy Khanh, the director of the APEC Businessmen’s Institute, stated in an interview with the Voice of Vietnam.

Trân Duy Khanh, the director of the APEC Businessmen’s Institute (picture: petrotimes.vn)

“In Vietnam, high-tech agriculture is sort of a brand new factor, however it’s already utilized in some tasks. For instance, at Vinamilk, the fields are irrigated mechanically, the care of the cows can be automated… One other instance, within the province of Lâm Dông, horticulture is practiced in greenhouses the place the temperature and watering are utterly automated. Excessive applied sciences are additionally utilized in forestry and aquaculture”.

So high-tech agriculture is an inevitable pattern?

“I met many firms. They wish to import fashionable manufacturing traces. Farmers have modified their mind-set. They take part within the manufacturing chain, from the choice of seeds or inventory animals to the processing of merchandise for export, together with the care of vegetation or animals. We are able to see that high-tech agriculture is an inevitable pattern, in Vietnam as in the remainder of the world”.

How will the applying of excessive applied sciences change agriculture?

“For my part, Vietnamese agriculture is dealing with nice alternatives. Vietnam is a tropical nation which has completely different fruits all year long. I’m satisfied that if excessive know-how is utilized on a big scale in Vietnam, it’ll create a breakthrough in agricultural commodity manufacturing, higher meet society’s demand and facilitate the sustainable growth of agriculture”.

In his closing speech on the fifth plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Social gathering of Vietnam, in Could 2022, Secretary Basic Nguyên Phu Trong confused that agriculture was a nationwide asset and that it ought to now be primarily based on science and know-how. …

Vietnam needs to present itself the means to make one of the best use of the sources, potentials, creativity and intelligence of farmers and companies. That is in any case what emerges from the phrases of Lê Minh Hoan, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Improvement…

“Vietnam exports its merchandise to many markets to diversify its retailers. We’ve been in a position to present that our agricultural merchandise meet the requirements of essentially the most demanding markets. Companies and farmers are beginning to assume market-wise: promoting what the market wants as a substitute of promoting what you’ve. Exporting rice to Europe and Japan reveals that we are actually specializing in high quality moderately than amount. We additionally search to satisfy the necessities of every market: EU, Japan, United States”.

What are the potential modifications within the agricultural sector?

“If you change your thoughts, you alter your life, if you change your strategy, you alter your itinerary… We are able to see that an agricultural economic system mentality has changed an agricultural manufacturing mentality. We are able to now not take amount as a aim. Quite a few research by scientists and quite a few initiatives by agricultural associations are likely to create extra added worth. The brand new agricultural fashions have created a brand new breath. The connection between the State, the market and society, the one between the State, agricultural enterprises and farmers, these are the inclusive values ​​of 2022”.

What are, then, the orientations proposed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Improvement for 2023 as a way to set up a harmonious, sustainable and multivolume agriculture…

“These days, agricultural merchandise are evaluated not solely by their value, their high quality, but additionally by the cultivation or breeding course of from which they arrive: is it environmentally pleasant? Does it threaten biodiversity? At COP26, held in October 2021, within the UK, Vietnam pledged to web zero emissions by 2050. Our nation is dedicated to accountable and sustainable agriculture. We take part within the world meals provide. These commitments should be translated into concrete actions on the a part of farmers and companies”.

Exported for many years, Vietnamese agricultural merchandise are asserting themselves in demanding markets. By exporting their merchandise around the globe, farmers and companies assist make the nation extra affluent and extra sustainably developed.-VOV/VNA

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