At a time when the federal government is contemplating elevating the retirement age to 64, the employment price for 55-64 yr olds in France stays decrease than the European common. Unemployed seniors a couple of years from retirement inform BFMTV.com “the violence” of age-related discrimination.
The dismissal of Jérôme Ferrand for financial causes in 2017 marks the start of a troubled interval for this building salesman. For six years, this 57-year-old man “juggles between small jobs” and unemployment.
And even with ten years of expertise behind him, this resident of Antibes (Alpes-Maritimes) is struggling to seek out missions or long-term contracts that may permit him to succeed in retirement age with peace of thoughts. Particularly if, because the reform introduced by the federal government supplies, the authorized age of departure was elevated from 62 to 64 years.
“After I hear that every one it’s important to do is cross the road to seek out work, it makes me snigger. difficulties in accessing employment are associated to his age.
The 50-year-old has no illusions, and is aware of that in France, the labor market nonetheless tends to be hostile in the direction of seniors. Certainly, the employment price for 55-64 yr olds was solely 56% in 2021: a rising determine however nonetheless under the European common.
Seniors “devalued” and “mistreated”
On the Côte d’Azur, Jérôme Ferrand claims to solely discover quick or medium-term contracts in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs): “My state of affairs is just not steady, however we take what we discover, we do not “We now have no alternative as a result of we attempt to hold our rights (unemployed). We all the time attempt to push again the deadlines to attempt to go all the best way, to succeed in retirement by placing all the pieces collectively”.
“While you ship a whole bunch of CVs and you do not get a response… and issues get unstuck from the second you take away your date of beginning, there’s a downside”, says the Antibois.
For him, “seniors are devalued on this nation”. “Throughout discussions with professionals, I’ve already been informed that seniors are harder to handle and that they match much less simply into the mould.”
“The blow” was the identical early January for Catherine L., a 57-year-old senior govt, when her IT firm determined to half methods together with her as a part of a structural reorganization. “It is extraordinarily violent: I used to be clearly informed that I not had my place within the new group of the corporate”, laments this former “key account supervisor” at La Défense in Paris.
“It is double, even triple punishment… It is irritating: I actually really feel like they removed me so as to have the ability to make use of younger folks at a decrease price and make extra income” , deplores this lady, who marched this Thursday towards the pension reform alongside her family.
With 5 years youthful, “the proper candidate”
She regrets “a deeply unfair reform” which can postpone her retirement by at the very least a yr, initially scheduled for October 2027. Nonetheless, Catherine is just not one to resign herself simply. If she is set to roll up her sleeves, she can be conscious that the duty forward will probably be sophisticated, particularly if she desires to maintain the identical wage expectations and the identical way of life.
“I’ve to seek out one thing inside 3 months, in any other case I will not discover any extra”, she places herself in her head as we speak.
This sentence, Jacques Peronnet has additionally repeated it so much throughout his final two years of unemployment. “It had develop into my obsession”, tells BFMTV.com this former industrial director, dismissed in December 2020 after 19 years in the identical firm within the Paris area. At 59, Jacques Peronnet testifies to “the problem of changing into unemployed” a couple of years from retirement, on the age after we normally put together our containers fairly than new CVs.
“At first, I believed the enterprise can be over in a yr. However life rapidly made me disenchanted,” says the daddy. “Nonetheless, I attempted all the pieces. I despatched almost 300 functions from proper to left, multiplied the coaching programs. However nothing helped… It did not chew. I used to be generally informed that ‘I had a fantastic profile, and that with 5-7 years youthful, I would be the excellent candidate, however that with an equal profile with one other candidate, we might essentially select somebody of their forties.”
“However you possibly can’t combat towards your age: you possibly can combat towards one other candidate profile, however not towards your age,” he regrets.
“Convey the neck” to the French mentality
“It was laborious as a result of the extra the years handed, the much less I knew that I had an opportunity of getting again into enterprise”, continues the fifty-year-old. “Getting nearer to retirement put a variety of stress on me.”
After two years, Jacques Peronnet lastly discovered a job as “growth director” in early January because of an internship carried out on the finish of final yr as a part of a coaching course paid for by Pôle Emploi. However he stays “deeply marked” by a “interval of fog”, “a tunnel manufactured from nice ethical struggling” which “crushed mentally” throughout which he didn’t actually really feel accompanied.
The skilled sector at that age “it is make or break”, he summarizes.
Right now, those that are approaching their sixties need to “twist their necks with the French mentality” which considers that staff over 55 are unfit or outdated for the labor market. “It is horrible as a result of these repeated refusals gave me an impostor syndrome. I felt like a very good for nothing, which is a standard feeling since no person desires you. For instance, I had the impression that I used to be not able to conducting industrial negotiations.”
Nonetheless, “all of the reflexes return” as soon as on the skilled floor, rejoices this “director of growth”, who says he has managed to seek out his place in his new job, inside an organization of wooden therapy merchandise based mostly between Mulhouse and Colmar (Haut-Rhin).
A “senior index”?
The decline within the retirement age doesn’t pose an issue for him: for him, “this reform is important if we need to hold the pay-as-you-go system, so long as it takes into consideration the arduousness of sure professions”. Jacques Peronnet has already made up his thoughts to remain within the job till the age of 65.
With a view to enhance the employability of seniors, the pension reform introduced by the federal government supplies for the institution of a “senior indexes” which will probably be revealed for all corporations with greater than 1,000 staff from this yr and 300 staff from 2024. It would “promote good practices and denounce unhealthy ones”, and its absence might result in sanctions.
“A good suggestion that may show unhealthy college students”, for Jérôme Ferrand. “If there are not any penalties or obligations, nothing will change”, retorts Catherine L. “It has no curiosity”. As for Jacques Peronnet, he a lot prefers “pedagogy” to quota methods. “It’s a must to do issues smarter. There, it actually gives the look of forcing corporations to include dinosaurs in any respect prices.”