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COP28 for the local weather, organized within the United Arab Emirates, on the coronary heart of the controversy

Posted on January 06, 2023

The selection of Sultan Al Jaber, Minister of Business of the United Arab Emirates and CEO of the nationwide oil firm Abu Dhabi Nationwide Oil Firm (Adnoc) as president of the COP28 on local weather, has triggered a flood of criticism. The summit, which will probably be held on the finish of the 12 months, is especially necessary because it should notably draw up the general evaluation of local weather motion.

The COP28 on the local weather, organized from November 30 to December 12, within the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was already the topic of a lot criticism. However the identify of its president nonetheless provides gas to the hearth. It’s Sultan Al Jaber who needs to be formally appointed, particular envoy for the local weather, minister of Business and superior applied sciences, president of Masdar, a renewable power firm belonging to the federal government, however above all CEO of the nationwide oil firm Abu Dhabi Nationwide Oil Firm (Adnoc).

In latest speeches, he has formally argued for a rise in annual fossil gas funding of $600 billion via 2030 as a result of, he says, “we should progress with pragmatism“. Whereas including that the United Arab Emirates sees itself as a “consensus builder” for the COP28. His firm Adnoc thus logically plans to extend its oil manufacturing to 5 million barrels per day by 2027, in opposition to about 3.5 million at the moment.

1,000 delegates at COP27

For the United Arab Emirates, internet hosting COP28 on the local weather is a chance to train their gentle energy and restore their popularity for taking local weather points into consideration. In response to a survey by Guardianthe nation employed public relations and lobbying companies a number of months in the past to particularly promote its function as future host, an uncommon transfer that overtook the promotional efforts of former host nations.

As early as COP27, the UAE confirmed its power by sending the biggest delegation, greater than a thousand folks, together with 70 oil and gasoline lobbyists, the second largest delegation in COP historical past. The nation can also be one of many few to have up to date its nationwide local weather contribution earlier than the summit (NDC). And one of many first within the area to set a carbon neutrality goal for 2050.

Nevertheless, Local weather Motion Tracker assesses its efforts as “very inadequate”, and resulting in a warming of greater than 3°C. The nation’s power technique remains to be largely based mostly on “clear coal” (with CCS) and gasoline. Very near Egypt, which was chairing COP27, they notably succeeded in blocking the progress of negotiations on a gradual exit from fossil fuels whereas selling CO2 seize and storage applied sciences (CCS), that are nonetheless very costly. and immature.

“Lots can occur if you’re within the highlight”

COP28 for the local weather is a very necessary deadline as a result of it should result in the primary world evaluation of world commitments, in accordance with what’s supplied for within the Paris Settlement. As well as, a brand new funding goal needs to be adopted in addition to a world purpose on adaptation. The strain may even be nice to get rid of all fossil fuels. However as Kavita Jadhav, analysis director at Wooden Mackenzie, factors out, “so much can occur if you’re within the highlight”.

“The United Arab Emirates and the broader Center East might have a eureka second just like the Inflation Discount Act in the US, which guarantees a growth interval for hydrogen, the CO2 seize and storage and photo voltaic. Adnoc and the UAE will proceed to extend low-carbon investments, which is able to result in different oil producers within the Center East.”she says.

This isn’t the primary time that the host nation of the COP on the local weather has been criticized. Poland, a rustic closely depending on coal, has already organized three COPs, in 2008, 2013 and 2018. Qatar additionally hosted COP18 in 2012. The choice course of for COP presidencies and assembly venues alternates between the 5 regional teams. And the candidates don’t jostle…

Concepción Alvarez @conce1

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