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COP-19 to the rescue of freshwater turtles and “crystal frogs”

The COP-19 convention of the Conference on Worldwide Commerce in Endangered Species (CITES) will go throughout its second week in Panama to the rescue of a dozen species of freshwater turtles and so-called “crystal” frogs as a result of their clear pores and skin permits their inner organs to be seen.

Delegates from greater than 180 international locations and specialists within the safety of endangered species, assembly for every week in Panama, selected Monday to keep up the overall ban on the commerce in white rhinoceros horn (Ceratotherium simum simum).

Eswatini (ex-Swaziland), sponsored by Botswana and Namibia, to ease the commerce in horns of its rhinos to unencumber sources to finance the safety of the species was rejected on Monday by 85 votes in opposition to 15 and 26 abstentions regardless of the assist of Japan and a number of other African international locations. Different African international locations, the European Union, Israel and Panama had beforehand referred to as for any growth to be rejected.

Likewise, the delegates refused to permit the resumption of the ivory commerce, even regulated, to the satisfaction of the NGO Worldwide Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW).

The “authorized ivory commerce opens alternatives for traffickers of elephant ivory hunted by poachers,” argues IFAW Vice President Matthew Collis.

– Reptiles and batrachians –

The safety of reptiles and amphibians guarantees to be among the many highlights of this nineteenth CITES convention: it must determine by its closing on Friday on the foundations for advertising and marketing a dozen species of freshwater turtles , and as many sorts of “crystal frogs”.

“Freshwater turtles are among the many major species victims of worldwide site visitors and are underneath stress” because of this, explains to AFP Yovana Murillo, of the NGO Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS).

4 Latin American international locations (Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru) suggest to place in Appendix II (regulated commerce) the Matamatas turtles Chelus fimbriaba, from the Amazon basin, and Chelus orinocensis from the Orinoco.

“The Matamatas are suffering from many threats: destruction of their habitat, air pollution but in addition unlawful commerce, consumption of their flesh and eggs, and now (trafficking) to make them pets (… ) due to their traits”, laments to AFP Doris Rodriguez, of the service of forests and wildlife of Peru (Serfor).

These spiny-shelled turtles, which measure about fifty centimeters for about fifteen kilos, appear like dwelling fossils that significantly appeal to collectors.

It is usually the spectacular morphology of the “crystal frogs” (Centrolenidae) that makes them the popular prey of traffickers. Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Panama, Peru, the Dominican Republic, the USA and 5 African international locations have agreed to request the safety that these frogs at the moment lack. nocturnal humid forests of Central and South America.

The president of Committee I, the Briton Vincent Fleming, held Monday to salute “a constructive story of restoration of a species”. Noting the improved standing of the Aleutian Cackling Goose (Branta canadensis leucopareia), the Committee agreed by consensus, on the request of the USA, to maneuver this species of untamed duck from Appendix I ( complete ban on advertising and marketing) in Appendix II permitting regulated advertising and marketing.

As well as, Committee I of the summit accepted by consensus the switch from Appendix I to Appendix II for a crocodile from Brazil (Caiman latirostris) and one other from the Philippines (Crocodylus porosus), however refused to do the identical with a species from Thailand (Crocodylus siamensis). This passage makes it potential to elevate the ban on advertising and marketing these species once they stay in captivity.

“Brazilians have plenty of info on which they base their choices. It is not advertising and marketing stress, as a result of the worth of those species has gone down loads,” researcher Miryam Venegas-Anaya, a famend specialist, instructed AFP. crocodiles from the Technological College of Panama and the Smithsonian Institute.

COP-19 also needs to make a serious foray into the seas, deciding in plenary to guard Requiem sharks and hammerhead sharks by itemizing them in Appendix II to be able to curb the commerce in shark fins and stop them from ending up in soup.

The value of shark fins can attain a thousand {dollars} per kilo in Asian markets, particularly in Hong Kong. Hammerhead sharks and Requiem sharks present half of the gross sales, estimated at half a billion {dollars} annually.

CITES, in pressure since 1975, units the foundations for worldwide commerce for greater than 36,000 wild species, starting from the issuance of permits (greater than 1,000,000 transactions approved per 12 months) to complete prohibition.

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