By means of Raphael Tual
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The hashish prohibition in France can be ineffective. Based on the Financial, Social and Environmental Council (Cese), it “strongly mobilizes the police and justice providers, with none actual impact on the size of visitors and the extent of consumption which stays the very best in Europe”.
In a draft opinion submitted to the vote on Tuesday January 24, 2023, the Cese recommends a supervised legalization of the leisure hashish. This consultative physique of civil society, the place associations and unions sit, has created an advert hoc fee to open the debates “typically caricatured on the topic”.
The Cese observes that “from the perspective of public well being, the preventive actions carried out are typically ineffective, specifically amongst younger shoppers who’re more and more uncovered to uncontrolled merchandise”.
By drawing inspiration from the legalization of leisure hashish in Canada, Malta and even by 2024 in Germany, and within the face of “the bitter failure of the coverage adopted for 50 years” in France, as summed up by his vice -president Jean-François Naton, the Cese suggests the supervised authorization of the manufacturing, distribution and consumption of this psychoactive plant.
Hashish trafficking would stay between 100 and 200,000 folks in our nation in response to the educational Christian Ben Lakhdar, specialist within the topic.
A manufacturing and distribution chain
The Cese recommends distribution in authorized factors of sale topic to licensing, prohibited to minors and the place a robust message of prevention can be disseminated.
In the present day in France, “90% of hashish is smoked, it is the worst use,” explains Florent Compain, one of many rapporteurs. The concept is to create a French manufacturing and distribution sector the place “the logic of public well being takes priority over income with a framework for manufacturing volumes”.
Along with the creation of a particular tax allotted to prevention insurance policies, the Cese recommends not criminalizing the use and cultivation of hashish for private use and permitting particular person cultivation in “collectives” by taking the instance of social hashish. golf equipment.
Legalize to struggle organized crime
One other report, this time by the Financial Evaluation Council, printed in 2020, additionally defended the thought of legalizing hashish with the goal of management its consumption and dry up prison networks. Based on Emmanuelle Auriol, co-editor of this report, “legalization results in a weakening of prison networks that are disadvantaged of a part of their income. Then the police […] can dedicate himself to different missions, which intensifies the repression on different crimes. »
For a reform on legalization to work, this professor of economics recommends “comparatively low introductory costs in the beginning”, good high quality, adequate shares and eventually a passable reception for patrons.
“Legalization can be prison”
For Professor Jean Costentin, writer of Cease Hashish (ed. Odile Jacob) and member of the Nationwide Academy of Drugs, “legalization can be prison”.
The assembly of hashish and alcohol multiplies by 27 the chance of deadly accident. Hashish alone causes 300 street deaths yearly. Hashish is a generator of melancholy, melancholy which carries the chance of suicide. Hashish may cause schizophrenia if consumed between the ages of 12 and 24.
All specialists agree on the truth that tetra hydro cannabidiol (THC) “impacts short-term reminiscence” and “the triggering of psychiatric diseases”.
Hashish stays essentially the most widespread illicit drug within the French inhabitants, in response to a examine by Public Well being France (SPF) and the French Observatory of Medicine and Addictive Traits (OFDT).
Carried out amongst 23,661 adults aged 18 to 64, this examine on hashish consumption in 2021 studies that 10.6% of the inhabitants smoked it throughout the yr.
As well as, in response to this identical examine, “the typical age of present hashish customers continues to extend: it rose from 25.1 years to 32.8 years between 1992 and 2021”. Youthful individuals are turning away from this substance. “The decline in experimentation with hashish at 17 years previous has been discontinuous for the reason that starting of the 2000s”, in response to the OFDT. Proponents of prohibition concern that legalization will reverse this constructive growth.
Uruguay was the primary nation on this planet to legalize the leisure use of marijuana and its cultivation, in 2012. It was adopted by a number of states in the USA and Canada in 2018. Inside the European Union , Malta is the primary state to have taken the plunge, quickly to be adopted by Germany by 2024.
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