OTTAWA — As Canada plans to dramatically improve its immigration ranges within the coming years, some political observers are involved in regards to the potential results of the arrival of enormous numbers of immigrants on well being care, the housing and the labor market.
However Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Minister Sean Fraser insists Canada wants extra newcomers to take care of labor shortages and altering demographics that his opinion, threaten the way forward for the nation.
“If we do not proceed to extend our immigration and produce extra working-age individuals and younger households to this nation, our issues will not be about labor shortages,” mentioned Minister Fraser in interview with The Canadian Press. “It will likely be a query of whether or not we are able to afford colleges and hospitals. »
In November, the Authorities of Canada introduced a brand new immigration plan that will welcome 500,000 immigrants per 12 months by 2025. A report 431,645 individuals grew to become everlasting residents in 2022.
The brand new immigration charges might be considerably increased than these of comparable nations, reminiscent of Australia, in line with Ted McDonald, professor of political science on the College of New Brunswick.
That is not a nasty factor in itself, he says, however he warns that growing immigration ranges shouldn’t be the proper option to deal with present labor shortages. “I believe the coverage would make extra sense if it was aligned with what are seen as underlying structural labor market shortages that may persist.”
On the similar time, Professor McDonald acknowledges that one rationale for immigration is obvious: Canada has a declining start price. In response to Statistics Canada, the nation’s start price fell to a report excessive of 1.4 kids on common per lady in 2020, properly under the two.1 price wanted to take care of an immigration-free inhabitants.
Different observers fear about how extra newcomers may perpetuate issues like housing affordability and well being care.
“I’ve seen no evaluation of the influence of those immigration targets on housing affordability and availability, no evaluation of those targets when it comes to further pressures on well being care,” famous Andrew Griffith. , former senior official of Immigration and Citizenship Canada.
He mentioned modifications can be made within the spring in order that immigrants may be screened primarily based on the sector and area of Canada they’re heading to. This, he says, will assist ease a few of the strain on areas reminiscent of well being care and housing.
Final week, a Radio-Canada report highlighted two sources inside Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada who mentioned that the affect of the personal agency McKinsey on immigration coverage has elevated during the last years.
A authorities response to a Conservative MP’s written query, which was tabled within the Home of Commons in December, says the division has not not too long ago awarded any contracts to the consulting agency _ at the least not through the interval the member requested the query about, which was from March 2021 to October 2022.
And through the interview on Thursday, Minister Fraser assured that McKinsey had had no position to play within the new immigration ranges plan. “I am not influenced by them,” he mentioned.
The minister mentioned he made his selections on the immigration plan on the recommendation of departmental officers. He added that he additionally thought of what he heard from completely different organizations, stakeholders and provincial and territorial leaders.
Coverage specialists typically fear in regards to the inordinate affect that sure our bodies can have on authorities insurance policies, as a result of curiosity teams strain the federal government to implement insurance policies according to their priorities, and a few of these teams are extra highly effective than others.
Teams of enterprise leaders throughout Canada have recognized labor shortages as a serious concern and have referred to as on the federal government to assist fill vacancies. Following the announcement of the brand new plan, the Enterprise Council of Canada applauded the targets in a press launch, saying “an financial system chronically in need of staff can’t notice its potential.”
Andrew Griffith thinks the present authorities is “fairly conscious of strain from stakeholders”, whether or not it is enterprise teams or organizations that work with immigrants.