The Eiffel Tower within the colours of Europe.
©AFP / Stephane de Sakutin
France’s superb place
After the Covid-19 pandemic, the power disaster and the pension reform are inflicting quite a lot of concern among the many French. Some indicators nonetheless present that France is a lot better ranked than a few of its European neighbours.
Pleased as a Frenchman in France? 3 years of crises, in what state is France? In comparison with its European companions, the scenario is just not so unhealthy. Nonetheless, she will do higher. Again to some indicators.
1)DISPOSABLE INCOME INEQUALITY
Eric Dor: The inequality of disposable revenue, due to this fact after cost of taxes and contributions and receipt of social advantages, is much less in France than in Germany, Italy and Spain.
In Europe, France has a mean place by way of disposable revenue inequality, so after cost of taxes and contributions and receipt of social advantages. However it’s much less unequal than different massive international locations comparable to Spain, Italy and Germany.
Michael Ruimy: Till now, the response to the financial penalties of the well being and geopolitical crises has above all aimed specifically to protect, within the brief time period, earned revenue with a purpose to forestall inequalities from widening earlier than redistribution, but in addition buying energy. Family.
2) TAXATION OF SAVINGS DEPOSITS
Eric Dor: It’s in France that the households lose the least purchasing power of their financial savings accounts.
This outcomes from the booklet A, the booklets of sustainable and solidarity growth (LDDS) and the favored financial savings booklets (LEP).
3) THE INCREASE IN AVERAGE PURCHASING POWER PER CAPITA IN FRANCE
Eric Dor: For the reason that begin of the euro, and till the third quarter of 2022, the average purchasing power per capita in France has elevated higher than in Germany, Spain and Italy.
4) INCREASE IN DISPOSABLE INCOME IN PURCHASING POWER PER CAPITA
Eric Dor: For the reason that begin of the euro and till the third quarter of 2022, disposable revenue in buying energy per capita has better progress in France than in Germany, Spain and Italy, the place it even stagnated.
Adjusted disposable revenue contains social advantages in variety acquired.
Michael Ruimy: Even when sure nationwide institutional specificities can skew these comparisons – sure bills (schooling, well being, and many others.) that may be borne roughly largely by public administrations in return for a tax paid by households – and even when inequalities earlier than redistribution are comparatively decrease there than elsewhere in Europe, inequalities in disposable revenue are decrease in France than within the majority of European international locations, regardless of the statistical sources and indicator chosen. (Disposable revenue is web of social contributions – after contributions and receipt of social advantages – and of the deductible common social contribution, ie the revenue accessible to the family for consumption and saving). This efficiency is principally defined by a better redistribution.
Nonetheless, the rise in households’ gross disposable revenue over the yr was not capable of offset inflation, which was actually decrease than that of its European companions because of the deployment of public measures (power tariff defend, cost of advantages and reductions in Specimens…). Buying energy has lastly declined, however lower than that of just about all the opposite international locations of the European Union because of the rebound in job creation for the reason that Covid-19 disaster.
5) GROSS WAGES AND SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS OF COMPANIES AS SHARE OF ADDED VALUE
Eric Dor: Nonetheless workers’ total compensationtogether with employers’ social contributions, represents a share of their web added worth generated on the territory of France, which is larger than that of just about all EU international locations.
Clearly that is for the entire of firms, and a few firms will be distinguished from others.
However be aware of these global realities avoids confusion.
6)TIME SPENT IN RETIREMENT
Michael Ruimy: Relating to retirement, a radical passage in everybody’s life story, the French are presently those that spend essentially the most time in retirement amongst all OECD international locations (25 years on common) in comparison with South Korea. South (Common 15 years).
Nonetheless, whereas the 2019 figures (earlier than the well being disaster) place France on the high of European populations for all times expectancy in good well being at age 65 (10-12 years) and with out extreme incapacity (15-18 years), the conditions People are totally different relying on financial circumstances and state of well being.
7) PROTECTION AGAINST THE ENERGY CRISIS (AVERAGE ELECTRICITY PRICE IN KW/H, EFFICIENCY OF THE TARIFF SHIELD)
Michael Ruimy: Finally, passable partial outcomes. However social spending fairly often comes underneath a “healing” logic. This short-term want shouldn’t eclipse the necessity for a extra emancipatory logic of social funding in the long run as a result of, regardless of a comparatively efficient system of redistribution, the richest 10% of French folks alone possess extra 1 / 4 of revenue, ten instances greater than the poorest 10%. Equally, if the unemployment charge has been at its lowest for a very long time, the debt is horrifying… In a world financial context turned the other way up by the struggle, France should maneuver with headwinds sooner or later.